neighbour


neighbour
Israelites were under an obligation to respect and assist their neighbours (fellow citizens) in the community; it was what was implied by membership of a ‘holy nation’ (Exod. 19:6). This was also required by the laws listed in Lev. 19 and Deut. 22. In the age to come at the End neighbours will live in peace and love each other (Zech. 3:10), which implies that the laws in the Pentateuch were often not observed. Jesus quoted Lev. 19:18 (e.g. Luke 10:27) but extended loving one's neighbour beyond the commonly accepted limitation that it did not apply to foreigners, still less to enemies. (Although Matt. 5:43 quotes the OT as ordering hatred of enemies, it is nowhere to be found in the OT. However, it is a fair summary of many passages, such as the merciless injunction of Deut. 20:16.) The parable [[➝ parables]] of the Good Samaritan represents the anti-racist teaching of Jesus; it was shocking to Jesus' contemporaries that a despised Samaritan should have behaved as a good neighbour.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • neighbour — eighbour, neighbouring eighbouring, neighbourhood eighbourhood, neighbourly eighbourly Same as {neighbor}, {neighboring}, {neighborhood}, {neighborly}. [Chiefly Brit.] [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • neighbour — British English spelling of NEIGHBOR (Cf. neighbor) (q.v.); for spelling, see OR (Cf. or) …   Etymology dictionary

  • neighbour — (Brit.) neigh·bour || neɪbÉ™(r) n. one who lives in a nearby house; fellow human being; someone or something nearby (also spelled neighbor) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • neighbour — (US neighbor) ► NOUN 1) a person living next door to or very near to another. 2) a person or place in relation to others next to it. ► VERB ▪ be situated next to or very near (another). DERIVATIVES neighbourly adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • neighbour — (BrE) (AmE neighbor) noun 1 person living nearby ADJECTIVE ▪ friendly, good ▪ She s been a very good neighbour to me. ▪ nosy ▪ noisy …   Collocations dictionary

  • neighbour — [[t]ne͟ɪbə(r)[/t]] ♦♦♦ neighbours (in AM, use neighbor) 1) N COUNT: oft poss N Your neighbour is someone who lives near you. I got chatting with my neighbour in the garden. 2) N COUNT: oft poss N You can refer to the person who is standing or… …   English dictionary

  • neighbour —    Formerly in common use to a person of either sex who lived in close proximity, often followed by a surname, ‘neighbour’ is no longer used vocatively. Shakespearean characters regularly call one another ‘neighbour’: honest neighbour, good… …   A dictionary of epithets and terms of address

  • Neighbour — This very unusual and interesting name is of early medieval English origin, and derives from the Middle English term nechebure , a compound of the Olde English pre 7th Century neah , near, and gebur , dweller, from bur , a small dwelling or… …   Surnames reference

  • neighbour — I n. BE; AE spelling: neighbor 1) a next door neighbour 2) a neighbour to (she was a good neighbour to us) II v. (esp. BE) (D; intr.) to neighbour on …   Combinatory dictionary

  • neighbour */*/*/ — UK [ˈneɪbə(r)] / US [ˈneɪbər] noun [countable] Word forms neighbour : singular neighbour plural neighbours 1) someone who lives near you Several of our friends and neighbours stopped by over the holidays. my next door neighbour They ve been good… …   English dictionary

  • neighbour — n. & v. (US neighbor) n. 1 a person living next door to or near or nearest another (my next door neighbour; his nearest neighbour is 12 miles away; they are neighbours). 2 a a person regarded as having the duties or claims of friendliness,… …   Useful english dictionary


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